SMCI Shared Mobility City Index

A collaboration between movmi and Inov360.

Get the SMCI City Reports

Rankings

Alpha Beta Gamma Tooltip

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Alpha, Beta, and Gamma cities are globally ranked based on their world connectivity through four advanced producer services: accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law.

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Shared Mobility City Index Introduction


Purpose

The Shared Mobility City Index (SMCI) describes how well different cities in North America and Europe support Shared Mobility. Shared Mobility is meant as a general term covering both, carsharing and bikesharing at this point. It was developed in collaboration by movmi and Inov360. Its purpose is twofold:

  1. For new and existing shared mobility providers, it offers a roadmap for guidance on which cities would be worth considering investing for expansion.
  2. For each ranked city, it offers guidance on what to change or address to attract more shared mobility providers, and benchmarks their performance against other international cities.


Comparison with other indices

The Shared Mobility City Index aims to provide a holistic and local view of what matters to cities and shared mobility providers. In our view, it is the most complete description of what impacts both international, national and local shared mobility providers on a local level within a city, and how different shared mobility ecosystems compare within North America and Europe.
There are no other indices thus far that touch on this area, neither in North America nor in Europe.


Geographical Coverage

North America: The index covers cities in Canada and the United States of America (U.S.A.) that have more than 100,000 inhabitants and have at least one shared mobility provider.
Europe: The index covers major cities of Western Europe countries, in accordance with the Globalization and World Cities classification (GaWC) from the Loughborough University. In this selection, cities are assessed in terms of their advanced producer services (accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law), not only regarding their population. This objective ranking allows to select cities depending of their influence into the world city network.
Future version of this index will expand the number of cities. If you would like to suggest a city for inclusion, please contact us.


Composition

The index is comprised of a number of composite indicators or index measures. These index measures summarize the environment of a given city as it relates to shared mobility.
More information about the index measures and the multiple indicators comprising each index measure are available under the Criteria tab.
Information about the process of choosing and combining the indicators is available under the Methodology tab.


City Reports

To offer stakeholders of shared mobility a more detailed view on each city that has been analyzed in the 2016 SMCI™, a Global report was created.
This report is comprised of individual city reports, each containing the following for each city:

  • Quick facts
  • General data: situation, climate, demographic data
  • Sustainability vision and goals
  • Mobility landscape: commuting patterns, public transit, shared mobility services, driving culture, parking
  • City departments involved in mobility
An overarching version of the 56 city reports can be purchased here.


About movmi

movmi was founded in 2014 and is a boutique agency specialized in Shared Mobility Design: the planning, implementation and launch of new mobility services.
We partner with shared mobility brands and develop engaging customer experiences that are backed by strong operational practices.
Our team comes from a diverse background in creating shared mobility ventures: we have worked with free-floating, station-based, micromobility and bikesharing. We bring strategic focus rooted in both operator and vendor perspective.
We do more than build projects — we build partnerships that help businesses grow.


About Inov360

Inov360 specializes in five quickly evolving areas: smart cities, smart networks, Cleantech, new mobilities and digital life.
Inov360 offers a team of innovation professionals able to support you throughout the study process, development, launch and deployment of products, services or innovative activities, alongside your own team. At Inov360, we want to provide the catalysts and ingredients necessary to the strengthening and acceleration of your ability for in-house innovation.

Criteria


Purpose

The measures and their criteria where chosen through consultation with experts and through a process of secondary research of cities – in other words researching which city has successfully attracted number of shared mobility providers and what makes them different from cities where shared mobility providers are not present or had to withdraw their presence.
Each measure can consist of a maximum of 10 Points; with the weighting calculation a maximum of 100 Points is possible.
Summary of the 5 index measures with their criteria


Density

Rating from 0 to 10. Density of a city is calculated by dividing the number of inhabitants by the area size.
The cities were ranked according to the "best-in-class" method with 10 Points attributed to the city with the highest density.

Weighted at 5%


Commuting Patterns

Rating from 0 to 10.
Data used from the most recent available census data with percentage of people using alternate modes (non-drive) of transportation:

  • Public Transit
  • Bike
  • Walk

North America:

Public Transit 1 Point 2 Points 3 Points 4 Points
1-5% 5-10% 10-20% over 20%
Bike 1 Point 2 Points 3 Points
0-1% 1-5% 5-10%
Walk 1 Point 2 Points 3 Points
1-5% 5-7% 7-10%


Europe:

The cities were ranked according to the "best-in-class" method with 10 Points attributed to the city with highest percentage of people using non-drive transportation.

Weighted at 25%


Sustainability

North America & Europe:

Points are attributed following this marking scale:

1 Point Is a Sustainability plan in place?
1 Point Is any kind of mobility part of it?
2 Points Does it include SMART goals including GHG emissions related to CO2 emissions of car?
1 Point Does it include plans for traffic congestion reduction?
1 Point Does the city have special parking permits for station-based carsharing?
1 Point Does the city have special parking permits for free-floating carsharing?
1 Point Does the city have incentives for developers related to carsharing?
1 Point Does the city have support for Bikesharing (law/financial)?
1 Point Does the city have special open tenders related to carsharing?
10 Points Maximum possible points


Weighted at 25%


Shared Mobility

Points are attributed following this marking scale:


North America and Europe:

1 Point Is there a local carshare provider?
1 Point Is there a global carshare provider?
1 Point Are there 2 or more global carshare providers?
1 Point Is there an additional carshare including student carshare?
1 Point Are there both: Return and one-way carshare?
1 Point Do they have electric vehicles (EV) as part of their fleet?
2 Points Is there a bikeshare provider?
1 Point Is there an additional bikeshare provider?
1 Point Is there any other shared mobility provider?
10 Points Maximum possible points

Weighted at 30%


Parking Cost

Rating from 0 to 10.
Only the daily rate for unreserved garage parking is considered. The average annual cost of this parking is divided by the median annual income of this city.
The cities were ranked according to the "best-in-class" method with 10 Points attributed to the city with most expensive parking in relation to its median annual household income.

Weighted at 15%

Methodology


Process for Index construction

Below is an outline of the construction steps and our method/process for each phase.


Theoretical Framework & City Research

The theoretical framework for the Index was created by consulting several shared mobility projects and industry experts. It is widely accepted within the carsharing community that that cities have a large influence on how successful shared mobility is. However, there has been very little academic or systematic research into what the key criteria are to determine when and if a city would be a viable market.This phase defined the major areas of interest and suggested many of their subsidiary indicators or variables.
The next phase was to identify if the proposed measures are resulting in viable and comparable data. Main sources for all data researched are open available data through the Internet. Mostly data was collected from Wikipedia, the individual city web pages and census pages from the United States of America (U.S.A.) and from Canada. (Europe?)We aimed to find data sources that were local (i.e. city-level), timely and reliable.


Data Processing


23 criteria grouped into 5 index measures (details can be found in the Criteria tab.
Ranking was done either by distributing points (maximum of 10 possible points) or using the best in class methods.
Weighing:

  • 5% = Density
  • 25% = Mobility Patterns
  • 25% = Sustainability Plan
  • 30% = Shared Mobility Services
  • 15% = Parking Cost.

Density was found to be less important according to this study movmi, hence it was weighted very low.


Alpha, Beta, and Gamma Cities

Classification according to the Globalization and World Cities (GaWC) Research Network: Cities are assessed for their advanced producer services and ranked based on their connectivity through four "advanced producer services": accountancy, advertising, banking/finance, and law.

Alpha: Cities linking major economic regions and states to the world and filling advanced service niches for the global economy.
Beta: Cities cities that link moderate economic regions into the world economy.
Gamma: Cities linking smaller regions or states into the world economy, or important world cities whose major global capacity is not in advanced producer services.


Data visualization

We worked in partnership with Jordan to represent intuitive and interactive ways to view and customize the final index according to the users' choice.